Antimicrobial effects of Allium sativum L. (garlic), Allium ampeloprasum L. (Elephant garlic), and Allium cepa L. (Onion), garlic compounds and commercial garlic supplement products. This is because garlic's strong-smelling sulfur compounds are metabolized, forming allyl methyl sulfide. Garlic is an allium, a family of foods that can be fatal to dogs due to a compound called thiosulfate that damages red blood cells.  As sporulation and germination are delayed at low temperature, and at -4 deg.  "Bulletin #1206, Blue Mold of Garlic," U. of Maine Cooperative Extension. Signs: gastrointestinal effects, dehydration and subsequent development of hemolytic anemia and Heinz body formation. It takes a lot of garlic to cause toxicity but some breeds, particularly Japanese ones (such as akitas and shiba inus), are particularly susceptible.Signs of garlic poisoning can be delayed , The sticky juice within the bulb cloves is used as an adhesive in mending glass and porcelain. With the exception of the single clove types, garlic bulbs are normally divided into numerous fleshy sections called cloves. Sodium aluminum sulfate is a type of alum that is used in commercial baking powder. , A 2013 meta-analysis of case-control and cohort studies found limited evidence for an association between higher garlic consumption and reduced risk of prostate cancer, but the studies were suspected as having publication bias. , Upon cutting, similar to a color change in onion caused by reactions of amino acids with sulfur compounds, garlic can turn green.. The toxic principle is a chemical called a glycoside which is similar to a heart medication used in people and animals called digitoxin. "Identification, pathogenicity and distribution of Penicillium spp. The Science of Garlic and How to Make the Best Garlic Bread | Garlic Bread | What's Eating Dan?  Infection may first appear as soft or water-soaked spots, followed by white patches (of mycelium) which turn blue or green with sporulation. It is pollinated by bees, butterflies, moths, and other insects. The principal antimicrobial compounds of Allium and Brassica have been identified as allicin (S-allyl-l-propenethiosulfinate) and methyl methanethiosulfonate, respectively. Some garlics have protected status in Europe, including: There are two subspecies of A. sativum, ten major groups of varieties, and hundreds of varieties or cultivars. Because of the AMS in the bloodstream, it is believed by some to act as a mosquito repellent, but no clinically reported evidence suggests it is actually effective. It is often paired with onion, tomato, or ginger. Are leeks poisonous to humans? According to Jeya Henry, Professor of Human Nutrition at Oxford Brookes University in Oxford, "the key to allergies and adverse reaction to foods is the amount ingested".  Other candidates that have been suggested include Allium tuncelianum, Allium macrochaetum, and Allium truncatum, all of which are native to the Middle East.. The leaf blade is flat, linear, solid, and approximately 1.25–2.5 cm (0.5–1.0 in) wide, with an acute apex. Washing the skin with soap is only a partial and imperfect solution to the smell. The long, linear foliage of Allium stipitatum dies back before the blooms appear.  Garlic leaves are a popular vegetable in many parts of Asia. Several reports of serious burns resulting from garlic being applied topically for various purposes, including naturopathic uses and acne treatment, indicate care must be taken for these uses, usually testing a small area of skin using a low concentration of garlic.  The latitude where the garlic is grown affects the choice of type, as garlic can be day-length sensitive. As of 2015, clinical research to determine the effects of consuming garlic on hypertension found that consuming garlic produces only a small reduction in blood pressure (4 mmHg), and there is no clear long-term effect on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.  Mixing garlic with milk in the mouth before swallowing reduced the odor better than drinking milk afterward. To a person, a serving of alliinase from an onion or other allium would have no harmful effect on you.  Symptoms can include irritable bowel, diarrhea, mouth and throat ulcerations, nausea, breathing difficulties, and, in rare cases, anaphylaxis.  Under these conditions (i.e., acidity, heat) the sulfur-containing compound alliin reacts with common amino acids to make pyrroles, clusters of carbon-nitrogen rings. Galen, writing in the second century, eulogized Garlic as the "rustic's theriac" (cure-all) (see F. Adams' Paulus Aegineta, p. 99). Dogs and cats are highly susceptible to onion toxicâ¦  However, because Allium longicuspis is also mostly sterile, it is doubtful that it is the ancestor of Allium sativum. Cooking, drying, and processing do not eliminate the toxic effect of Allium spp. Allium and Brassica vegetables have long been recognized for their antimicrobial activity against various microorganisms, including Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and fungi.
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