Whether his naval victory of Cos, which secured Antigonus the Aegean Sea and the League of the Islanders, belongs to this (255) or to the Chremonidean War (261) is uncertain. Antigonos II Gonatas, 277/6-239 BC. Athenian officials were replaced by Antigonus’ appointees, and Athens became no more than a Macedonian provincial city. Antigonus escaped by concealing his identity. Chr. Far from being delighted, Antigonus was angry with his son and struck him, calling him a barbarian and drove him away. Wikipedia. Omissions? Antigonus II Gonatas was a worthy successor to Alexander’s throne. Chr. This contested title was assumed by Antigonus himself on the death of his father two years later; however, he did not count the beginning of his reign until 276. His mother was Phila, the daughter of Antipater. The latter controlled Macedon… Media in category "Antigonus II Gonatas" The following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. Birth and family . He secured his position in Greece by keeping Macedonian occupation forces in the cities of Corinth, Chalcis on Euboea, and Demetrias in Thessaly, the three “shackles” of Hellas. As Demetrius was chased across Asia Minor to the Taurus Mountains by the armies of Lysimachus and Seleucus, Antigonus attained success in Greece. ; † 239 v. Antigonus II Gonatas (Ἀντίγονος B΄ Γονατᾶς) (c. 319–239 BC) was a powerful ruler who solidified the position of the Antigonid dynasty in Macedon after a long period defined by anarchy and chaos and acquired fame for his victory over the Gauls who had invaded the Balkans. Antigonus II Gonatas ( Griechisch: Ἀντίγονος B Γονατᾶς) (c . ; † 239 v. Leaving Antigonus in charge of the war in Greece, he assembled all his ships and embarked with 11,000 infantry and all his cavalry to attack Caria and Lydia, provinces of Lysimachus. 319-239 vor Christus) war ein mächtiger Herrscher, der die Position des erstarrte Antigoniden in Macedon nach einer langen Periode von Anarchie und Chaos definiert und erlangte Ruhm für seinen Sieg über die Gallier, die die eingedrungenen Balkan. Pyrrhus had been drained by his recent wars in Sicily, and by the earlier "Pyrrhic victories" over the Romans, and thus decided to end his campaign in Italy and return to Epirus. Sein Beiname Gonatas, dessen Bedeutung unbekannt ist, wurde ursprünglich von seinem vermuteten Geburtsort Gonnoi in Thessalien abgeleitet. Doson wurde sein Vormund, Regent und Stiefvater, als er die Mutter heiratete. Accordingly, he sent him a gift of 25 talents, but, Aratus, instead of being corrupted by this wealth, immediately gave it away to his fellow citizens. Biography. Gonatas (griech. Antigonos II Gonatas : German - English translations and synonyms (BEOLINGUS Online dictionary, TU Chemnitz) This was not the end of Antigonus' problems with Epirus: shortly after Alexander II, the son of Pyrrhus and his successor as king of Epirus, repeated his father's adventure by conquering Macedonia. In his youth Antigonus had been a student of Zeno, the founder of Stoicism. Antigonos II. Spolu so svojím otcom bojoval v roku 291 pred kr. Although he had only a few bases in Greece, Antigonus laid claim to Macedonia when Seleucus was murdered in 281. The fate of Antigonus Gonatas, now 18, was closely tied with that of his father Demetrius, who escaped from the battle with 9,000 troops.  No Western historical record of this event remains. The Gauls looted the camp, but when they started to attack the ships, Antigonus's army appeared, trapping them with the sea to their rear. When an army of Gauls under the command of Cerethrius appeared, Antigonus laid an ambush. But he also showed a similar disregard for his own life and was badly wounded at the siege by a bolt through the neck. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). When news of this success reached Corinth, the Corinthians rose in rebellion, overthrew Antigonus' party, and joined the Achaean League. Antigonus I Monophthalmus (Ancient Greek: Ἀντίγονος ὁ Μονόφθαλμος, romanized: Antigonos ho Monophthalmos, Antigonus the One-eyed, 382 – 301 BC), son of Philip from Elimeia, was a Macedonian nobleman, general, satrap, and king.During the first half of his life he served under Philip II; after Philip's death in 336 BC, he served Philip's son Alexander. Antigonus cooperated in the defence of Greece against the barbarians, but it was the Aetolians who took the lead in defeating the Gauls. V 89, 7 Chryseïs und so ist daher für Phthia zu schreiben (s. auch Droysen Gesch. In 239 BC, Antigonus died at the age of 80 and left his kingdom to his son Demetrius II, who was to reign for the next 10 years. Antigonus II Gonatas (Greek: Ἀντίγονος B΄ Γονατᾶς) (c. 319–239 BC) was a powerful ruler who solidified the position of the Antigonid dynasty in Macedon after a long period defined by anarchy and chaos and acquired fame for his victory over the Gauls who had invaded the Balkans. Chr. He wrote to all the kings, especially Seleucus, offering to surrender all the territory he controlled and proposing himself as a hostage for his father's release, but to no avail. )," in. It was around this time, under these favorable omens, that his son and successor, Demetrius II Aetolicus was born by his niece-wife Phila. ), König von Makedonien, Statthalter und Nachfolger Alexanders des Großen; Antigonos II. He made no attempt to regain these territories but instead formed an alliance with the Aetolian League, which made unsuccessful raids of pillage into the Peloponnese. The childhood and youth of Antigonus was spent in the first decades of the wars of Diadochos. Droysen a. a. O. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for ANTIGONOS II GONATAS 277BC Apollo Horseman POSSIBLYUNPB UNIQUE Greek Coin i46660 at the best online prices at … The next stage of Antigonus's career is not documented and what we know has been patched together from a few historical fragments: Antigonus seems to have been on very good terms with Antiochus, the Seleucid ruler of Asia, whose love for Stratonice, the sister of Antigonus, is very famous. Horned head of Pan to left, wearing goat's skin tied around his neck and with lagobolon behind; all within the center of a Macedonian shield adorned with seven stars within double crescents. 143 Beziehungen. DE / € Deutsch; English; Français; Nederlands; EUR; US$ CHF; 0 Warenkorb; Einloggen. Antigonus lost Corinth and Chalcis, the two bases from which he dominated southern Greece. Antigonus's Macedonian troops retreated, but his own body of Gallic mercenaries, who had charge of his elephants, stood firm until Pyrrhus's troops surrounded them, whereupon they surrendered both themselves and the elephants. Antigonos (latinisiert Antigonus) ist der Name folgender Personen: Antigonos I. Monophthalmos (der Einäugige; † 301 v. According to the ancient author Aelian, Antigonus II Gonatas described his monarchy as “a glorious servitude.” Ἀντίγονος B΄ Γονατᾶς View item Toenjes (Germany) Macedon / Makedonien: AE 20 mm 271-239 BC Antigonos II Gonatas 277-239 BC Extremely Fine: 139.68 US$ + 12.75 US$ shipping. "This is better than what you did before, my son," he said, "but why leave him in these clothes which are a disgrace to us now that we know ourselves the victors?" In the middle of the night, he marched his army up to the city walls and entered through a gate that Aristeas had opened. As the two armies faced each other, Pyrrhus called out to the various officers by name and persuaded the whole body of infantry to desert. Since 251 it had been under the leadership of Aratus of Sicyon and was receiving financial aid from Ptolemy II. Bol vnukom Antigona Jednookého a synom Démétria Poliorkéta. Antigonus II Gonatas (Greek: Ἀντίγονος B΄ Γονατᾶς) (319–239 BC) was a powerful ruler who firmly established the Antigonid dynasty in Macedonia and acquired fame for his victory over the Gauls who had invaded the Balkans. Having successfully repelled the external threat to his control of Greece, the main danger to the power of Antigonus lay in the Greek love of liberty. ), Neubegründer der makedonischen Dynastie; Antigonos III. 277tik K.a. A tomb in Vergina is suggested to be his own. AR Tetradrachm 31.5mm, 17 g. Amphipolis mint. Ptolemy's fleet was driven off and Athens surrendered. Ông là một vị vua đầy quyền uy và nổi tiếng vì đã đánh bại cuộc xâm lược vùng Balkan của những người Gaul man rợ. Antigonus II Gonatas (Greek: Ἀντίγονος B΄ Γονατᾶς) (c. 319–239 BC) was a powerful ruler who solidified the position of the Antigonid dynasty in Macedon after a long period defined by anarchy and chaos and acquired fame for his victory over the Gauls who had invaded the Balkans. Er war ein Sohn des Demetrios Poliorketes und der Phila. Antigonos II. Soon after this, the Spartan king, Areus, returned from Crete with 2,000 men. Gonatas alebo Antigonos II. While Demetrius was busy fighting in Macedonia and Asia Minor, Antigonus, as his regent, was engaged in maintaining Macedonian hegemony in Greece, which had been achieved in 287 bc. Schneller Zugriff als Browser! Kingdom of Macedon, Antigonos II Gonatas AR Tetradrachm (17.05g, 30mm, 8h) Amphipolis, circa 274/1-260/55 BC. 53), nach seinem Geburtsorte Gonnos oder Gonnoi (Gonoi) in Thessalien Gonatas genannt (vgl. Seine Großväter waren die Diadochen Antigonos Monophthalmos und Antipatros. VF. Er war ein Sohn des Demetrios Poliorketes und der Phila. After a life of endless warfare he died in 239 at 80 years of age. Pyrrhus, returning in 274 after the failure of his campaign in Italy, drove Antigonus out of Upper Macedonia and Thessaly. 6,07 g. Obv: Helmeted head of Athena right. Antigonus II Gonatas (Greek: Ἀντίγονος B΄ Γονατᾶς) (319–239 BC) was a powerful ruler who firmly established the Antigonid dynasty in Macedonia and acquired fame for his victory over the Gauls who had invaded the Balkans. In 255 BC, Ptolemy made peace, ceding lands to the Seleucids and confirming Antigonus in his mastery of Greece. Antigonus's father was Demetrius Poliorcetes, who was the son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus, who then controlled much of Asia. war ein König von Makedonien aus der Dynastie der Antigoniden. In the meantime the Achaean League was becoming a dangerous opponent. 250bcAntigonusIIGonatas.jpg 871 × 708; 448 KB. In this year, however, Antipater died, leading to further struggles for territory and dominance. After two years in which little changed, Antiochus II, the new Seleucid king, made a military agreement with Antigonus, and the Second Syrian War began. kam es zum Krieg mit Antiochos I., der Ansprüche auf Makedonien geltend machte. Français : Antigone II Gonatas. After the death of Pyrrhus, his whole army and camp surrendered to Antigonus, greatly increasing his power. Because Antigonus Gonatas was the grandson of Antipater and the nephew of Cassander through his mother, his presence helped to reconcile the supporters of these former kings to the rule of his father. nach Asien ging, im Peloponnes als Befehlshaber zurück und konnte sich nach der Gefangennahme seines Vaters als Statthalter in Griechenland behaupten.Dem Seleukos I. bot er sich vergeblich als Geisel für seinen gefangenen Vater an. In the following year he concluded a peace with Antiochus, surrendering his claim to Macedonia. With the restoration of the territories captured by Pyrrhus, and with grateful allies in Sparta and Argos, and garrisons in Corinth and other cities, Antigonus securely controlled Macedonia and Greece. Chremonidean War. Antigonus was troubled by the rising power and popularity of Aratus. When the Gauls defeated Ptolemy Ceraunus and the Macedonian throne became vacant, Pyrrhus was occupied in his campaigns overseas. Chr. After the failure of his expedition to Thrace, Demetrius rejoined his son at the siege of Thebes. Fils de Démétrios Poliorcète, il accède au pouvoir en repoussant l'invasion des Galates et installe durablement la dynastie antigonide sur le trône. Antigonus II Gonatas : biography – "Antigonus II" redirects here. Einloggen; Mein MA; Neu anmelden; MA-Shops Startseite; Meist besuchte Artikel; Willkommen; Garantie; Impressum; Hilfe; Münzen, Banknoten, Militaria beim Fachhändler kaufen Neu seit 3 Tagen 7 Tagen Erweiterte Suche. Antigonos II Gonatas . Chr. Greeting him courteously, Antigonus treated Helenus as an honored guest and sent him back to Epirus. Macedonia, meanwhile had been divided between Pyrrhus and Lysimachus, but like two wolves sharing a piece of meat, they soon fought over it with the result that Lysimachus drove Pyrrhus out and took over the whole kingdom. attacking his army in a narrow pass and throwing it into disorder at the Battle of the Aoos River. Gonatas (um 319 v. Chr.–239 v. In 285 BC, Demetrius, worn down by his fruitless campaign, surrendered to Seleucus. It is with the other three series, the attribution of which has been a vexing problem, that this article will be concerned. Articles containing Ancient Greek-language text, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Antigonus_II_Gonatas?oldid=4507244, Coin of Antigonus Gonatas, British Museum, F. W. Walbank, "Antigonus Gonatus in Thrace (281-277 B.C. Antigonus II Gonatas (c. 319 BC – 239 BC) was a powerful ruler who solidified the position of the Antigonid dynasty in Macedon after a long period defined by anarchy and chaos and acquired fame for his victory over the Gauls who had invaded the Balkans.wikipedia. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Antigonus, aware that Pyrrhus was advancing on Argos, marched his army there as well, taking up a strong position on some high ground near the city. This gave the Argives time to rally. These forces attacked the Gauls in the market place. SNG Munich 1074-1075; SNG Alpha Bank 983; Touratsoglou 8–17; Panagopoulou 20-31. AR Tetradrachm (31mm, 17.09 g, 10h). Struck circa 274/1-260/55 BC. Helmeted head of Athena right. Antigonus Gonatas was born around 319 BC, probably in Gonnoi in Thessaly unless Gonatas is derived from an iron plate protecting the knee (Ancient Greek gonu, genitive gonatos). ANTIGONUS II GONATAS A Political Biography Janice J.Gabbert London and New York He died of natural causes in his eightieth year, and was succeeded by his son Demetrius II. Kommunikation . This setback for Antigonus sparked a general uprising against Macedonian power. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The most important Peloponnesian city after Sparta was Argos. 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