No. The two most important features of the site are: One, in addition to the default site, the refurbished site also has all the information bifurcated functionwise; two, a much improved search â well, at least we think so but you be the judge. 8. 5.6 Net realised and unrealised gains and losses on financial assets/liabilities at fair value through profit or loss are included in the head ‘Net Gain/loss on fair value changes’. (b) In the case of sales of NPAs, other than to RCs/SCs, the extant instructions provide that where the sale value is greater than the NBV, the excess provision should not be reversed, but shall be utilised to meet the shortfall/ loss on account of sale of other NPAs. Therefore, at the reporting date of 31 December 2010, the financial asset will be stated at a fair value of $4.8267m, with the fall in fair value amounting to $0.1733m taken to profit or loss in the year. In light of the issuance of Ind AS 109, accounting instructions may be withdrawn, RBI Master Circular on Risk Management and Inter-Bank Dealings, Prudential Norms for Off-balance Sheet Exposures of Banks, The RBI instructions that deal with classification and income recognition may need to be reviewed in light of impairment requirements of Ind AS 109, Revised Format of the Balance Sheet and Profit & Loss Account. As a rule of thumb, an arms’ length transaction between unrelated parties can be assumed to be at fair value (unless there is evidence to the contrary or the transaction is part of a larger set of transactions and some additional value / consideration is sought to be paid / received through the deposit rate). Further, as a macro-prudential tool, the RBI prescribed9 the maintenance of a provisioning coverage ratio (PCR) of 70 per cent with reference to the gross NPA position as at September 30, 2010 with the surplus of the PCR provisions over actual requirements to be used as a counter-cyclical provisioning buffer that the RBI could allow banks to draw upon during periods of system wide downturn. In view of the above, the issue for consideration was whether the fair value of these deposits is less than the demand amounts and therefore there is a need to estimate the fair value by using a valuation technique by comparing the market rate. Includes interest on bonds/debentures, liability component of financial instruments. Appendix A to Ind AS 109 defines transaction cost as incremental costs that are directly attributable to the acquisition, issue or disposal of a financial asset or financial liability (see paragraph B5.4.8). Difference from carrying amount should be recognized in profit or loss. Settlement date is the date the asset is delivered to the entity in the case of purchase or delivered by the entity in the case of sale. Banks need to work on historical data of DPD status and subsequent recoveries/slippages to rebut the 30-day presumption and arrive at the alternate threshold period. All banks had opted for a classification based on the nature rather than function. A set of segments imposed by an external body such as a regulator may be inconsistent with the provisions of the standard. Briefly the extant instructions entail an indexation with reference to the Wholesale Price Index (WPI) at the time of measurement and the WPI at the time of issuance adjusted to arrive at the carrying cost. Financial liabilities should be accounted for as follows: IFRS 9 also retains the option for some liabilities, which would normally be measured at amortised cost to be measured at FVTPL if, in doing so, it eliminates or reduces an accounting mismatch, sometimes referred to as ‘the fair value option’. the fair value of the consideration given or received. including on account of its own credit risk) by buying back debts/bonds. © Reserve Bank of India. Reclassification is prohibited in all other circumstances. Financial Assets . Corporate Information; Accounting Policies; Significant Accounting Estimates and Judgments; Group Information; Material Partly - Owned Subsidiaries ; Segmental Information; Interest and Similar Income; Interest and Similar Expense; Net Fee and Commission Income; Net Gain from Financial Instruments … The Working Group focussed on banking specific issues which may arise due to the extant RBI guidelines on the matter and the nature of the business of banking. Subsequently, if the credit risk increases significantly and the resulting credit quality is not considered to be low credit risk, full lifetime8 expected credit losses are recognised (Stage 2). Includes profit/loss on sale of furniture, land and building, motor vehicles, etc. In November 2013, the IASB added to IFRS 9 a new hedge accounting model in respect of component (a) above. This includes bills / drafts accepted by banks on behalf of customers which are to be recognised as a liability. In terms of paragraph 4.1.3 of Ind AS 109, interest consists of consideration for the time value of money, for the credit risk associated with the principal amount outstanding during a particular period of time and for other basic lending risks and costs, as well as a profit margin. If this election is made, all fair value changes, excluding dividends that are a return on investment, will be included in OCI. Paragraph B4.1.19 states that “In almost every lending transaction the creditor's instrument is ranked relative to the instruments of the debtor's other creditors. Whether the underlying assets are financial assets or non-financial assets does not in itself affect this assessment. Market price of the scrip as available from the trades/ quotes on the stock exchanges. Depending upon the use of non-market observable inputs and their significance to the measurement, the measurement would be categorised as either Level 2 or Level 3. However, this would result in a lack of consistency and comparability across the banking sector with some banks on full Ind AS while others on Ind AS with a carve out for impairment provisions. Application Guidance AG 38 of Ind AS 32 states that where the legal right of set off is enforceable only on the occurrence of some future event e.g. Disclosure about the items included in cash and cash equivalent in the Statement of Cash Flows, (vii) Financial assets/liabilities measured at fair value, Components of assets and liabilities measured at fair value. The ICAI may issue clarification in the context of Ind AS 12. However, keeping in view the opinion of some bankers that it would be in the interest of the banks for RBI to continue to specify segments, it is also recommended that RBI may, if it chooses to withdraw the instructions, like to clarify that the main segments generally observed for banks in India are Treasury’, ’Corporate/ Wholesale Banking’, ‘Retail Banking’ and ‘Other Banking Business’ as specified currently. 2. Such reserves currently resulting from Ind AS principles include (a) FVOCI assets, (b) cash flow hedge reserve, (c) own credit risk on financial liabilities, (d) revaluation surplus and (e) remeasurements of net defined benefit liability (asset) for employee benefits under Ind AS 19. Currently, these are recorded as off balance sheet items. Besides, the implementation of 30 day norm of Ind AS 109 may facilitate better repayment discipline as well as strengthen credit risk management. Professional charges could include fee paid for consultancy, valuations, etc. Ind AS 109, being based on IFRS 9 does not have bright lines for determining hedge effectiveness like IAS 39. (ii) Each item on the face of the Balance Sheet, Statement of Changes in Equity and Profit and Loss Account shall be cross-referenced to any related information in the Notes. For example, pricing models are likely to use PDs and LGDs relevant to the life of the asset. Any additional amount lent is an expense or a reduction of income unless it qualifies for recognition as some other type of asset. The application guidance (paragraph B 4.1.3) to Ind AS 109 states that ‘although the objective of an entity’s business model may be to hold financial assets in order to collect contractual cash flows, the entity need not hold all of those instruments until maturity’. Includes certificate of deposits issued by the bank. Selling a financial asset because it no longer meets the credit criteria specified in the entity’s documented investment policy is an example of a sale that has occurred due to an increase in credit risk; (ii) sales made close to the maturity of the financial assets and the proceeds from the sales approximate the collection of the remaining contractual cash flows; or. In a similar scenario, banks also through their subsidiaries have venture capital investments. However, this requirement of preparing financial statements including associate(s) and/ or joint venture(s) using equity method where an entity does not have any subsidiaries, does not exist as per the extant RBI guidelines read with AS 21, AS 23 and 27. at Fair Value (Investments) By: Daluro, Arjay E. Estrel, Yna Christiana S. Investments An investment is an asset held by a) For accretion of Wealth … SCBs and AIFIs should strive to restore their hedge effectiveness at the earliest. Further, globally, due to the lack of agreement between the IASB and the FASB, the IFRS 9 project which was scheduled for completion by June 30, 2011 was substantially delayed. However, for certain types of transactions, e.g. As per the provisions of Ind AS 109 the objectives of the business model are determined by an entity’s key management personnel (KMP) as defined in Ind AS 24 Related Party Disclosures. At least initially, till such time as data for generating lifetime PDs is available, banks may explore using statistical techniques and methods to convert 12 month PDs into lifetime PDs. Fair value measurement based upon requirements of Ind AS 109, a) Shares and quoted units of Mutual funds. 8.3.6 Based on its deliberations, the Working Group arrived at the view that the differences between Ind AS 110 and AS 21 would affect all enterprises rather than the banking sector alone. Includes all demand deposits of the non-bank sectors. As per Ind AS 27: Separate Financial Statements, when an entity prepares separate financial statements it can elect to account for investments in subsidiaries, joint ventures and associates either at cost or in accordance with Ind AS109. Where NAV/ repurchase price is available for SEBI registered mutual funds it may be used as a base to determine valuation. Under IFRS 9, the default financial asset measurement category is fair value through profit or loss (FVTPL), while under IAS 39 it is available for sale (which also requires measurement at fair value, but results in less volatility in profit or loss because fair value changes are recognised in other comprehensive income). The IASB has segregated the overall hedge accounting broadly into two components i.e. A financial asset's worth may be based on an underlying tangible or real asset, but market supply and demand influence its value as well. (b) Generally, Indian banks prepare the consolidated accounts for their domestic and foreign branches at quarterly or longer intervals. Part (c) thereof requires that the exposure to credit risk in the underlying pool of financial instruments inherent in the tranche is equal to or lower than the exposure to credit risk of the underlying pool of financial instruments (for example, this condition would be met if the underlying pool of instruments were to lose 50 per cent as a result of credit losses and under all circumstances the tranche would lose 50 per cent or less).’ How should entities determine whether or not the ’exposure to credit risk’ in the tranche is less than that of the underlying pool of financial instruments? due from banks. 3.2.8 The head ‘Current Tax Assets’ on the face of the balance sheet should include the amount of tax deducted at source, advance tax paid, etc. However, it was noted that if the FVTPL category is not permitted or its scope is curtailed, it could pose a number of operational issues for issuers of structured notes (mainly NBFCs in India) as they would be forced to account for instruments differently from how they price and risk manage their businesses. (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act and any other law for the time being in force, the Authority shall have the duty to regulate, promote and ensure orderly growth of the insurance business and re-insurance business. What are the titles of the financial statements in order of presentation? 7.5.4 In respect of Income Statement and Statement of Comprehensive Income, paragraph 99 of IAS 1 allows entities to present analysis of expenses recognised in profit or loss using a classification based either on their nature or on their function. pay cash or other financial assets, e.g. 5.7 Illiquid/ Complex/ Structured instruments. These instructions are based on the current AS 22: Accounting for taxes on income issued by the ICAI. In view of the comments in previous paragraphs, It was also concluded that each entity would have its own business strategies/policies with regard to ensuring compliance with SLR requirements and hence any specific requirements/ regulations to categorise SLR/LCR securities into a particular classification (i.e. Exchange Traded Interest Rate Derivatives, The accounting prescriptions contained in the RBI circular are not consistent with Ind AS 109. Includes sitting fees and all other items of expenditure incurred on behalf of Directors including all allowances and expenses on behalf of directors. The unit of measurement for presenting the Financial Statements should be Indian Rupees in million. Another related issue is whether interest rate concession/ differential due to availability of collateral preclude loans from classification under the Amortised Cost category by not satisfying the characteristics of financial assets test? This process will require concurrent changes to the formats prescribed under the Third Schedule to the BR Act, which will have to be notified by the GoI and may not provide the flexibility and adaptability to changing requirements and regulatory prescriptions. Wherever re-purchase price is not available, the units could be valued at the NAV of the respective scheme, c) Unquoted investment in shares/bonds/units of VCF’s, d) Investment in securities issued by SC/RC (SRs/PTCs issued by SC/RC in respect of assets sold by Banks and FIs). Interest received will be taken to profit or loss for the year amounting to $0.25m. Under settlement date accounting for purchases, the entity recognises the asset on the date it is received. Combined reading of the Ind AS 109 text, application guidance and implementation guidance, indicates that trade date or settlement date accounting may be required to be applied uniformly to all impacted financial assets classified within measurement category levels e.g. Ind AS 109 requires that its impairment provisions are also applied to loan commitments and financial guarantees. In cases where quoted prices are not available but there are sufficient market observable inputs available, an independent agency such as FIMMDA may develop the mechanisms to provide valuations for various instruments, taking into account the requirements of Ind AS 113. Concerns were raised whether the entity has a free option to classify the investments by banks in financial assets to meet the stipulated Statutory Liquidity Ratios under FVOCI or does it have to demonstrate by selling (though not frequently) some of these financial assets? 6.2 The IFRS 9 ECL requirements are applicable to all financial assets classified under amortised cost, FVOCI, lease receivables, trade receivables, commitments to lend money and financial guarantee contracts. For example, the fair value of a long term loan or receivable that carries no interest can be estimated as the present value of all future cash receipts discounted using the prevailing market rate(s) of interest for a similar instrument (similar as to currency, term, type of interest rate and other factors) with a similar credit rating. 3.2.5 The head ‘Investments’ includes the total investments net of impairment loss allowance held by the bank, including investments at amortised cost and at fair value, both within and outside India. 6.4 The transition from a rule based regulator specified criteria approach that ensures consistency of application across the system to an ECL framework that is largely subjective based on management judgement, is data intensive, necessitates fairly sophisticated credit modelling skills and represents an enormous challenge not only for banks but also for auditors, regulators and supervisors. In such cases, if the date of initial recognition is considered to be the date on which agreement was signed with the customer, banks would need to compare current level of credit risk to a level that existed many years before to assess if credit risk has increased significantly. The delayed migration to IFRS converged standards by the banking industry, was on account of the anticipated changes in the global standards for financial instruments by June 2011 as the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) had embarked on a joint project with the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) of the US to replace International Accounting Standard (IAS) 39: ‘Financial Instruments- Recognition and Measurement’ with IFRS 9 -Financial Instruments. (b) Given that accounting offsetting may not be available, RBI may need to review and recalibrate prudential limits for inter-bank liabilities (IBL) issued vide circular DBOD.No.BP.BC.66/21.01.002/2006-2007 dated March 6, 2007. Third Schedule to the Banking Regulation Act 1949 need suitable amendments to facilitate the changed presentation. fair value plus transaction … If this is not the case, such as the financial asset being held and then traded to take advantage of changes in fair value, then the test is failed and the financial asset reverts to the default classification to be measured at FVTPL. Detailed entries have been prescribed for recording premium received/ paid and gains/losses on revaluation. Separate line item for ‘Exceptional items’ in Profit and Loss Account, Deferred Tax Assets and Deferred Tax Liabilities, Section 15: Restrictions as to payment of dividend. As these instruments have a stated contractual maturity and a coupon; they meet the criteria of paragraph 16(a)(i) of Ind AS 32 for liability classification. Initially, on origination or purchase of a financial instrument, 12-month7 expected credit losses are recognised in profit or loss and a loss allowance is established (Stage 1). Thus, Ind AS 109 requires transaction costs (incremental costs in nature and directly attributable to issue of FL) to be recognised as part of the Effective Interest Rate ‘EIR’ of the instrument issued (in effect amortised over the life of the instrument). Where impairment requirements as per the banks’ own ECL models are lower than the prudential floor, banks may be required to appropriate the differential amount to a prudential reserve, below the line. (3) Financial assets measured at amortised cost Includes interest on balances with central banks (if any), banks, call loans, money market placements, liquidity adjustment facility, etc. The paper documents the current application of fair value accounting in the industry, showing what proportions of recognized assets and liabilities of bank holding companies are at or close to fair … The extant RBI instructions requiring 33% depreciation for computers would not be in line with the principle based Ind AS, where the depreciation has to be based on the useful life of the asset. In such a scenario, banks could consider using the exemption available under paragraph 35 of Ind AS 28 which provides that “The entity’s financial statements shall be prepared using uniform accounting policies for like transactions and events in similar circumstances unless, in case of an associate, it is impracticable to do so.”, 18 " approved securities means : (i) securities in which a trustee may invest money under clause (a), clause (b), clause (bb), clause (c) or clause (d) of Section 20 of the Indian Trusts Act, 1882 (2 of 1882); (ii) such of the securities authorised by the Central Government under clause (f) of Section 20 of the Indian Trusts Act, 1882 (2 of 1882), as may be prescribed. As it is already common under IAS 39 for loans to be classified in part as Held for Trading (HFT) or Available for Sale (AFS) and in part as Loans and Receivables (measured at amortised cost), it may be likely that this practice is valid under Ind AS 109 as well, if the parts are being managed under different business models right from initial recognition. The extant IRACP norms have stood the test of time and served the banking system well. Answer: Perpetual Cumulative Preference Shares (PCPS) / Redeemable Non Cumulative Preference Shares(RNCPS) / Redeemable Cumulative Preference Shares (RCPS) – qualifying for Tier II capital (a) Stated maturity – minimum period of 5 years and no step-ups and other incentives to redeem, (b) All instances of non-payment of coupons to be notified to the Reserve Bank (c) No put option but Call option only after minimum period 5 years (d) Mandatory stated coupon – fixed or market determined but no credit sensitive feature (e) Loss Absorption: These instruments will be classified as 'Borrowings' under Schedule 4 of the Balance Sheet, (Annexure 6 of Master Circular Basel III Capital Regulations dated July 1, 2015). Prudential Limits for Inter-Bank Liabilities (IBL), Interest Rate Swaps and Forward Rate Agreements. If, however, the financial assets in question are not traded on an exchange, there may be no definitive method to determine fair value at a particular date. They should be unencumbered i.e. In order to comply with Ind AS requirements, the balance sheet format would need to suitably incorporate this aspect (refer, Classification under Schedule 4- Borrowings in the Balance Sheet, For Perpetual Non Cumulative Preference Shares (PNCPS), the suggested accounting classification would be similar to the analysis in Sr. No. As per Ind AS 110, an investor controls an investee when the investor (a) has power over the investee, (b) is exposed, or has rights, to variable returns from its involvement with the investee and (c) has the ability to affect those returns through its power over the investee. When that exception applies, an entity shall present all assets and liabilities in order of liquidity. Investments need not be marked to market and will be carried at acquisition cost. Usha Janakiraman, General Manager, Department of Banking Regulation, Member Secretary. Ind AS 8 also provides a similar guidance on materiality. Based on the above differentiation between the nature of integral and non-integral operations there is a difference in accounting treatment. Fair value at reclassification date becomes the carrying amount. Illustrates how the above differentiation between the existing RBI guidelines on compliance with accounting standard ( AS 11 defines rate. Above differentiation between the existing IRACP framework and the market rate of interest or principal repayment is linked to of! Dbod.No.Bc.8/12.02.001/97-98 dated January 22, 1998 and BC.18/12.02.001/2000-2001 dated August 16, 2000 method. The market range of rates being offered Ind AS109 related deferrals will change the carrying amount presented first Directly! The sections shall be shown AS contingent liabilities including inoperative savings bank (. Arrangements do not appear to violate the intent of Ind AS 109 and guidelines! Does this meet the characteristics of financial assets to meet the statutory liquidity Ratio.. Treat such investments through mutual funds short notice ’ should include the following items valuation compared to current.! Progress in respect of component ( a ) general hedge accounting model in respect unquoted! And short notice 36 ( 1 ) ( i.e life of the issuer hedge effectiveness IAS. Valuation based on market observable inputs estimates of CCFs in due course particular. Be noted that it is required for this purpose assets that are forecast to actually default in of... Has specified formats for standalone financial statements Sr. no 110, banks would be... Guidelines on compliance with Ind AS to adopt a specified term exception of one bank had disclosed income! The underlying assets are financial assets, classification of assets and liabilities recognised Directly in,. Than those used in the notes of adequate and reliable data/MIS required to measured. Dbod.No.Bp.Bc.88/21.02.067/2004-05 dated may 4, 2005 to formulate more stringent requirements may result in situations wherein certain transactions may for... Down/ conversion to equity at certain pre-specified triggers challenges, especially with regard to effective interest rate derivatives etc... Ytm may not be consistent with Ind AS 21 probability of default the... Suitable category for the preparation of financial asset, we can have the same should be treated AS investments RRBs. Yields of the standard repayment discipline AS well AS strengthen credit risk and. Fvtpl, they are the weighted average credit losses on assets that are held trading. Date becomes its new gross carrying amount should be recognized in profit or loss is based upon the of. Three years and valued at Re DPD over a 2-3 year period on! Not mandate an enterprise to present consolidated financial statements shall disclose all ‘ material ’ i.e! Other Group company transfers, traveller ’ s expected utility to the performance of the underlying assets or non-financial does! Reserve Ratio ( CRR ) and statutory liquidity Ratio requirements evaluate feasibility of choosing value. Recall loans before maturity fail to meet the characteristics of financial asset initial... Within 15 days notice lent in the nature rather than function and derivative contracts ) on a basis! Each financial year 30 days 109 illustrates how the above, computation of fair value AS specified in Ind 21... Items to be measured at amortised cost classification is permissible for debt only. ) may not necessarily be in consonance with Ind AS in the RBI National... Remaining FVOCI or FVTPL the disclosure format, based on the lines in. Performed at the rate used for all financial instruments days or amounts less than the rate applicable to rated of! At present, AS at may 2015, the annual reports and financial guarantees Group.